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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of Electrolyte and water transport across gastrointestinal epithelia found in the catalog.

Electrolyte and water transport across gastrointestinal epithelia

  • 62 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Raven Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Epithelium -- Congresses.,
  • Water-electrolyte balance (Physiology) -- Congresses.,
  • Digestive organs -- Congresses.,
  • Biological transport, Active -- Congresses.,
  • Electrolytes -- Metabolism -- Congresses.,
  • Gastrointestinal system -- Metabolism -- Congresses.,
  • Gastrointestinal system -- Physiology -- Congresses.,
  • Water -- Metabolism -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementeditors, R. Maynard Case ... [et al.].
    ContributionsCase, R. Maynard
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP88.4 .E43
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxv, 316 p., [1] leaf of plates :
    Number of Pages316
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3784138M
    ISBN 100890047650
    LC Control Number81040606

    Start studying acid, electrolyte, base balance. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. All water transport across cell membranes and epithelia occur passively, in response to both absorption of sodium across the digestive epithelium and excretion at the kidney and other sites.   The updated 2nd edition of this accessible and in-depth resource firmly relates molecular and cellular biology to the study of human physiology and disease. Leading physiologists present you with practical, accurate coverage, continually emphasizing the clinical implications of the material. Each chapter explains the principles and organization of each 5/5(1).

    Chapter Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Balance Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Balance: An Overview, p. Most of your body weight is water. Water accounts for up to 99 percent of the volume of the fluid outside cells, and it is an essential ingredient of cytoplasm. All of a cell’s operations rely on water as a. Water and Electrolyte Absorption and Secretion. In: Barrett KE. Define pathways via which electrolytes can be transferred across epithelial barriers. Passive versus active transport; Define major pathogenic alterations in intestinal electrolyte transport and their consequences.

    Get this from a library! Water transport across epithelia: barriers, gradients, and mechanisms: proceedings of the Alfred Benzon Symposium 15 held at the premises of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Copenhagen, June [H H Ussing;]. Abstract. Prostacyclin is an arachidonic acid metabolite, synthesised throughout the gastrointestinal tract, which has different effects on water and electrolyte transport across a variety of mammalian gastrointestinal by: 4.


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Electrolyte and water transport across gastrointestinal epithelia Download PDF EPUB FB2

Electrolyte in Water Transport Across Gastrointestinal Epithelia. Edited by R. Case, A. Gartner, L. Turnberg, and J. Young. New York: Raven Press, $Author: Irwin H. Rosenberg. Electrolyte and water transport across gastrointestinal epithelia. New York: Raven Press, © (OCoLC) Online version: Electrolyte and water transport across gastrointestinal epithelia.

New York: Raven Press, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: R Maynard Case. Read "Electrolyte in Water Transport Across Gastrointestinal Epithelia.

Edited by R. Case, A. Gartner, L. Turnberg, and J. Young. New York: Raven Press, $, Hepatology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

The cells relevant to intestinal water and electrolyte transport can be roughly divided into two major groups: those involved in electrolyte transport and those having predominantly a regulatory role, i.e.

integrating the functional responses of the first organization of the intestinal mucosa is extremely important considering the type of work it Cited by: 5 Intestinal Water and Electrolyte Transport 2 Organization of the Intestinal Mucosa Intestinal Cells and Factors Involved in Water and Electrolyte Transport The transport of water and electrolytes by the intestinal mucosa involves several types of cells and structural relationships.

Important components of this process are discussed by: In the middle of the 20th century, Ussing demonstrated that sodium is actively transported across epithelia, providing the basis for a model of fluid transport.3, 4 Curran 5 was the first to show that water transport was linearly related to Na + transport, and he and McIntosh 6 thereafter proposed a “three-compartment model” (Fig.

A) of Cited by: 11 Transport across epithelia. Epithelial tissues form a protective barrier around the body, both outside and inside. On the outside they mostly lock internal milieu from the environmental influence, making our skin and mucosal membranes totally impermeable and waterproof.

However, on the inside, epithelial cells develop to be semipermeable dividers specialized for. Request PDF | On Sep 1,Irwin H. Rosenberg and others published Ion Transport by Epithelia. Edited by Stanley G. Schultz. Society of General Author: Irwin Rosenberg.

Solutes are moved across absorptive epithelia by Na+-coupling in BB membrane and non-coupled transporters (carriers) in BL membrane. (Na++K+)-ATPase is exclusively in the BL membrane.

Flow of water across epithelia is driven by NaCI movement, with the membrane location of the Na+, K+, 2Cl-carrier determining direction of flow.

Transport across an epithelial barrier is a relatively complex process when compared to transmembrane transport in non-polarized or symmetrical cells. Transepithelial transport is governed by two parallel transport pathways. The paracellular transport route between the cells only allows movements of substances down their electrochemical gradient.

At the ultrastructural level, epithelia performing solute-linked water transport possess long, narrow channels open at one end and closed at the other, which may constitute the fluid transport.

The epithelia of the lung or the digestive tract are especially faced with building a protective barrier towards the outer environment on the one hand and at the same time allowing for efficient exchange, such as the respiratory gases or food components, on the other.

the epithelial electrolyte and water transport machinery represents both Cited by: 9. Epithelial Transport Physiology is directed to both basic and clinical scientists working in membrane transport and related areas, to graduate students and advanced undergraduates seeking a broad purview of the subject, and to other investigators and potential investigators seeking a vista of the new frontiers of molecular epithelial transporters.

A classic nephrology reference for over 25years, Seldin and Giebisch’s The Kidney, is the acknowledged authority on renal physiology and pathophysiology.

In this 5th edition, such new and powerful disciplines as genetics and cell biology have been deployed to deepen and widen further the explanatory framework. The general feature shared by all water-transporting epithelia is their morphologic and functional polarity.

10 x 10 Barrett, KE and Dharmsathaphorn, K. Transport of water and electrolytes in the gastrointestinal tract: physiological mechanisms, regulation, and methods of by: There are two routes for transport of molecules and ions across the epithelium of the gut: Across the plasma membrane of the epithelial cells (transcellular route) Across tight junctions between epithelial cells (paracellular route) Some molecules, water.

Epithelia are multifunctional structures which protect from mechanical forces or physical trauma, from desiccation or toxins. They act as barriers against pathogens, regulating exchanges of, for example, water and electrolytes between the milieu intérieur and the milieu extérieur.

The epithelia of the lung or the digestive tract are Cited by: 9. transport from ultrastructural, electrophysiological and permeability studies. Reviews by Diamond(), Hill () and Spring () are illustrative ofthe controversial aspects ofthis field. The current 'consensus' is that water is transported across epithelia by transcellular osmosis.

Water flow is thought to be driven by vanishingly small Cited by: Fluid and electrolyte secretions are vital for all epithelia and when aberrant lead to numerous pathophysiological conditions.

Electrolyte transport across epithelia gener-ates the osmotic force for fluid movement and is medi-ated by several membrane proteins expressed on both apical and basolateral poles of epithelial cells. SodiumCited by:   Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Fifth Edition — winner of a Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Internal Medicine — covers the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of the GI Tract while linking the clinical disease or disorder, bridging the gap between clinical and laboratory medicine.

The gastrointestinal Book Edition: 5. about gastrointestinal barrier function into the framework of transport electrolytes, and water are transferred transport routes across epithelia (37,).

The two routes of movement for solutes across single-layered ep.TY - JOUR. T1 - Water transport by epithelia of the digestive tract. AU - Masyuk, Anatoly I. AU - Marinelli, Raul A. AU - LaRusso, Nicholas F. PY - /1/1Cited by: Figure Architecture of intestinal epithelia.

Intestinal epithelial cells are structurally and functionally geared for vectorial transport: The cell membrane is divided into distinct apical and basolateral domains by the tight junctions with an asymmetrical distribution of transporters; the Na + pump on the basolateral membrane is integral to maintaining an electrochemical profile; this.